The EV market continues to grow, with the number of sold EVs in the US reaching a record high of almost 50,000 vehicles in 2017. The number of EV charging stations has also grown to over 22,000 public charging stations and nearly 15,000 private home chargers in the US. According to Navigant Research, there will be more than 19 million electric vehicles on the road worldwide by 2025 — growing at a rate of over 40 percent per year.
So, you’ve bought an electric vehicle (EV) and you’re living a clean, green lifestyle. But in order to keep your EV running, you’re going to need to plug it in at some point. When you do, there are a few things you should know about charging in your garage.
Before we get started with the different types of charging stations, let’s clear something up: Depending on where you live, your home charger will either offer fast charging — which takes advantage of the fast charging ports in your home to provide close to 400Wh/min of charging capacity — or plug-in charging, which is designed to fully charge your EV in about 30 minutes at a surface location.
Available charging locations will vary. Some locations allow EV owners to fill their vehicles up at a surface location using 100–150W fast charging stations, while others allow 110–160W plug-in stations.
Some public charging stations offer plug-in charging only, while others offer both fast charging and plug-in charging. According to ChargePoint, owners of EVs with a mid-range or higher capacity can take advantage of fast charging stations in most locations. The majority of charging locations offer charging speed of 80–100W.
When you charge, you’re giving your EV additional juice — and potentially increasing mileage.
To get the most out of your charging adventure, make sure your charging station has fast charging capabilities. Some schools and businesses may offer their employees free fast charging access to allow them to commute more efficiently.
Once you’ve used your EV, it’s important to note that plug-in charging may offer higher charge capacity and faster charging capability, especially in larger vehicles. Plug-in charging may also be more convenient because it doesn’t require that you disassemble your vehicle.
So when selecting a place to charge your EV, you have a few important choices to consider. First, you can choose a surface charging location. Just like with gas vehicles, there are differences in charging speeds and station placements.
There are some factors that you should consider before installing a residential EV charger. These are namely, the cost of installation, the cost of electricity and the cost of EV charging station. You should also consider the safety of the charger and the safety of your family as well.
Before purchasing an EV charging station, you should take a look at the following factors to determine the cost:
Also, to determine the cost of charging, you should value the cost of electricity used at each charging location as well as determine the cost of maintaining the charging station.
A good home charging station should have all of the following things:
Installations of EV chargers obviously limit how much of a home you can charge at a time, especially with multiple chargers and hub chargers. A 4-prong outlet (e.g. dual outlet, dual port, three port) can supply 2.5 amps — which is not enough to charge a typical 2,000 watt household appliance. For example, if your charging station supplies just 500 watts, you cannot charge a refrigerator or bed. Different types of outlets have different maximum speeds. The speed of your charger depends on its maximum voltage (amps) per charge. So if your standard outlet (200 watts) can supply 500 watts at 15 amps, a 50 amp outlet (200 watts) can supply 2,000 watts at 15 amps.
For larger appliances (refrigerators, guns, blenders, etc.) you have the option of installing an electric boot or a power strip inside your charging station. This is usually a more cost-effective option. You will also find these installed in commercial buildings in places like hotels, conference centers, and college campuses. These types of charging stations typically have larger outlets and can supply anywhere from 3–5 amp charging. Boot or power strips are also typically installed indoors. In other words, you will find this option installed in your home and workplace.
Some EVs and PHEVs allow you to charge them at home with a standard outlet, but for the most part, you’ll need to install an EV charging station at your home. If you’re looking to buy an EV, you can find the charging times and costs for EV chargers here .
The number of Electric Vehicle dealers in the US has also increased steadily — growing from 22,528 in 2016 to over 38,147 in 2017, a growth rate of 37.7 percent. Nowadays, there are more than 1,000 EV charging stations available [source: US Census Bureau].
So, if you’re thinking of purchasing an electric vehicle, you might be looking for more info about the different models and specs. For a more in-depth look, check out our article on the different kinds of EVs and which one suits your needs the best.
But before you decide on an EV, it’s important to determine if one will be right for your lifestyle and how you value convenience. A top priority is plugging in quickly. With the hundreds of chargers available to purchase, charging can be a chore. But if you are a heavy charger who wants the peace of mind from place where you’re constantly close at hand, plug in faster might not be essential. According to the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, the 4th of July weekend is the busiest day for EV drivers when looking at when they will reach their highest charging rate. This means that charging will take place on the weekend, as there are more bridges and roads open for charging on the days that it’s allowed. So, people who live on the coast and who avoid weekend roads might experience problems charging.
However, most people are more willing to pay for a plug-and-play EV that they can instantly go off and on with most of their life on a single charge if there aren’t any inconveniences such as parking in a spot reserved for EV charging, or not being able to charge overnight.
Another safety tip to remember is that you should never use an EV charger to charge anything other than an EV, and even then it’s important to use the correct type of charger. A level 2 charger, also known as a “240 volt” charger, is what you should use to charge an EV.
It’s powerful enough to get the battery back up to full charge when stuck on the throttle. The most common type of charger is a “110 volt” charger, which can charge EVs even when there aren’t any outlets around. A fast charge is when the charger takes your charged EV straight to 80 percent to give the battery a boost. In this manner, a fast charge doesn’t even need maintenance as done by the slower charge methods.
Let’s not beat around the bush. With the recent global pandemic, the car industry saw a pretty steep decline in sales. In the aftermath, Ford and GM cut their COVID extreme weather spending, while Toyota cut nearly 50% of its spending worldwide. There’s no question that Tesla’s EV and self-driving vehicles saved the auto industry from itself, as there wouldn’t have been a pandemic at all if Tesla weren’t developing these amazing technologies. The amazing manufacturing processes (Self-Drive Organs) and enormous amounts of autonomy that Tesla is developing are driving the huge sales of the pre-orders for their upcoming models. According to the article “The Secret Self-Drive Motors of Elon Musk” by Sascha Segan, store sales of Tesla vehicles have overtook car sales by General Motors due to enormous demand from customers asking to buy the company’s first half-electric models:
“… sales of the Model 3 sedan and Model Y crossover, beginning next week, will exceed the sales of all other combustion vehicles combined. Sales of the Model S sedan and Model X SUV, on the other hand, will probably fall short of expectations mainly due to a high demand for the Tesla Model Y.”
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